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雅思阅读高分秘籍之“异题同解”

雅思阅读高分秘籍之“异题同解”

发布时间:2021-02-23 来源:新航道雅思
摘要: 阅读考试做不完,向来是很多考生拿到阅读高分的拦路虎。有很多同学题目也刷了不少,可还是提高难,做不完。那么在此就要问问各位同学,当老师要你刷题的时候,是要你刷什么呢?

       阅读考试做不完,向来是很多考生拿到阅读高分的拦路虎。有很多同学题目也刷了不少,可还是提高难,做不完。那么在此就要问问各位同学,当老师要你刷题的时候,是要你刷什么呢?

  做题方法固然重要,但总结必不可少,下面就让我们来看下,题目之间考点的微妙联系,或许可以给大家的刷题之路带来一些启发。

  BOOK

  首先我们来看剑10test2passage2的一句考点句:

  Research with creative scientists by Simonton (1988) brought him to the conclusion that above a certain high level, characteristics such as independenceseemed to contribute more to reaching the highest levels of expertise than intellectual skills.我们可以根据上述信息找到与它匹配的题干Q19: Self-reliance is a valuable tool that helps gifted students reach their goals.

  在这里我们不难发现,题目中的self-reliance与原文中的independence是同义词,会成为这团复杂信息的解题关键点。

  这个考法,远在剑6test2passage2的句首配句尾中就早有涉及.原文:the increasing self-reliance of many elderly people is probably linked to a massive increase in the use of simple home medical aids.题干:home medical aids may allow old people to become more independent.

  阅读中考点词重复不在少数,比如同样是剑10test2passage2的配对题.原文:If they [the gifted] merely think more quickly, then we need only teach more quickly. If they merely make fewer errors, then we can shorten the practice.题干:18 Less time can be spent on exercises with gifted pupils who produce accurate work.

  而在剑13test3passage3的段落信息匹配题中,我们同样考察了这种对应,只是稍微改变了一下形式.题干:reference to the discovery of errors made by previous archaeologists原文:When they carried out a survey of how the larger area was settled in relation to sources of water, they found inaccuracies in the published geographic locations ofancient settlements ranging from several hundred metres to many kilometres.

  有一些考点词在剑桥真题中就反复考察,比如在剑13test1passage2list of headings中我们曾考察过classification和type的替换.vi Creating a system of classification for feelings of boredom.Paragraph B:By asking people about their experiences of boredom, Thomas Goetz and his teamat the University of Konstanz in Germany have recently identified five distinct types:indifferent, calibrating, searching, reactant and apathetic.

  而在剑11test3passage3段落信息配对中,我们考察了type和category的替换.A reference to differentcategoriesof intended readers of his book.Paragraph F: As I wrote, I kept in mind two typesof readers...

  在剑12test3passage2 段落信息配对中,我们考察了classification和category的替换.Q16: A reference to classifying diseases on the basis of how far they extend geographically.Paragraph F: researchers study the interactions between humans and their environment that could lead to illness and work to create a clear way ofcategorising illnesses.diseases and epidemics in local and global scales.

  考试是个圈,考点环环相扣,如果刷题的时候曾经总结过这些同义替换,那么在下次碰到时候就能够非常快速的锁定答案了。尤其是对于匹配不敏感的同学,预先整理一些常用的义替换匹配,不管是对做题的正确率,还是对做题的速度,都有非常大的帮助。


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